WWPS Title IX Policy

Title IX Complaint Form - Use this link to download and complete a Title IX Complaint

Please contact Greg Gonsalves, Title IX Coordinator with any questions or concerns at: - titleix@westwarwickpublicschools.com 10 Harris Avenue, West Warwick RI 02893

A.27 Title IX Policy

PURPOSE: The purpose of this policy is to ensure compliance with Title IX’s Rules as  promulgated by the Department of Education regarding the School Department’s response to claims of sexual harassment and the maintenance of a learning environment  free from harassment and discrimination on the basis of sex. 



Complainant shall mean a current student or student who is attempting to enroll in the  School Department who is alleged to be the victim of conduct that could constitute  sexual harassment. 

Formal Complaint shall mean a document filed by a Complainant or signed by the Title  IX Coordinator alleging sexual harassment against a Respondent and requesting that  the School Department investigate the allegation of sexual harassment. 

Respondent shall mean an individual who is a current or former student or current  employee and who has been reported to be the perpetrator of conduct that could  constitute sexual harassment. 

Sexual harassment shall mean any conduct on the basis of sex that satisfies one or more  of the following: 

(1) An employee of the School Department conditioning the provision of an aid,  benefit, or service of the School Department on an individual’s participation in  unwelcome sexual conduct; 

(2) Unwelcome conduct determined by a reasonable person to be so severe,  pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively denies a person equal  access to the School Department’s education programs and/or activities; or  

(3) Any form of sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, or stalking. 

Supportive measures shall mean any and all non-disciplinary, non-punitive  individualized services offered as appropriate, as reasonably available, and without fee  or charge to the Complainant or the Respondent before or after the filing of a formal  complaint or where no formal complaint has been filed. Such measures are designed to  restore or preserve equal access to the School Department’s education program or  activities without unreasonably burdening the other party, including measures 

designed to protect the safety of all parties or the School Department’s educational  environment, or deter sexual harassment. 

Education programs or activities shall include all locations, events, or circumstances over  which the School Department exercises substantial control over the Respondent and the  context in which the harassment occurs. 


The School Department shall designate an employee as its “Title IX  Coordinator.”The School Department shall notify all students, enrolling students,  parents or guardians,employees, applicants for employment, and unions of the name, title, office address, email address, and telephone number of the Title IX Coordinator. 

Any person may report sex discrimination, including sexual harassment  (whether or not the person reporting is the person alleged to be the victim of conduct  that could constitute sex discrimination or sexual harassment), in person, by mail, by  

telephone, or by email, using the contact information listed for the Title IX Coordinator,  or by any other means that results in the Title IX Coordinator receiving the person’s  verbal or written report. Such a report can be made at any time of day, including non- business hours. 

The School Department shall notify all students, enrolling students, parents or  guardians, employees, applicants for employment, and unions that the School  Department does not discriminate on the basis of sex, and that it is required by Title IX  and applicable regulations not to discriminate in any of its education programs or  activities as well as employment and that inquiries about how these rules apply to the  School Department may be referred to the Title IX Coordinator. The School Department  shall notify all students, enrolling students, parents or guardians, employees, applicants  for employment, and unions of its grievance procedures and process, including how to  report or file a complaint of sex discrimination, how to report or file a formal complaint  of sexual harassment, and how the School Department will respond thereto, all as  further delineated herein. 

The School Department shall prominently display the Title IX Coordinator’s  aforesaid contact information and this policy on its website, and in all student and employee handbooks. This information should also be displayed on registration  paperwork or website/s and in a location where it is visible to job applicants. 


A.  All School Department employees have an affirmative obligation to report  sexual harassment and/or allegations of sexual harassment that they have  witnessed and/or have knowledge of. All reports of sexual harassment  

B.  After a report of sexual harassment is made to the Title IX coordinator, the  School Department must respond promptly and in a manner that treats  consider the Complainant’s wishes with respect to supportive measures.  

C.  The Title IX Coordinator, in conjunction with School Department personnel shall consider restrictions to be placed on the Respondent   during an investigation. However, any restrictions placed on the   Respondent during an investigation, must be placed on the Complainant   as well. 

1.  The exception to this is that if School Department personnel  determine that the Respondent is an immediate threat to the 

physical health or safety of any student or other individual arising  from the allegations of sexual harassment, the Respondent may be  removed from campus.  

2.  The Respondent must be provided with Notice of Removal and an opportunity to challenge the decision immediately following the 


D.  The Title IX Coordinator shall be responsible for explaining the process of filing a formal complaint to the Complainant. 


A. Once a formal complaint has been filed, and at any time prior to reaching  a determination regarding responsibility, the School Department may  facilitate an informal resolution process that does not involve a full  investigation and adjudication. This process shall be in the form of  mediation. 

B.  The Title IX Coordinator shall explain this process in a written notice that  shall contain the allegations.  

C.  In order for this informal resolution process to commence, both parties  must provide their voluntary, written consent. 

D.  At any time prior to reaching a resolution, any party has the right to  withdraw from the informal resolution process and resume or begin the grievance process.  

E.  The School Department shall maintain all records involving this process in  accordance with this policy and applicable law. 

F.  This informal resolution process shall not be available to resolve matters  involving allegations that an employee sexually harassed a student. 


A.  The School Department shall investigate all allegations set forth in a  formal complaint. The grievance process shall be concluded and a written  determination of responsibility shall be issued in a reasonably prompt  time frame and up to one hundred twenty (120) days from the date of the  filing of a formal complaint. This time frame may be extended in the  event that the parties elect to take part in an informal resolution process as  set forth in this policy, or temporarily delayed for good cause as defined  by applicable law.  

B.  Throughout the grievance process all relevant evidence will be objectively evaluated and credibility determinations shall not be based on a person’s  status as Complainant, Respondent, or witness. At no time shall the School Department require, allow, rely upon, or otherwise use questions or evidence that constitute, or seek disclosure of, information protected under a legally recognized privilege, unless said privilege has been  knowingly waived. 

C.  Upon receipt of a formal complaint of sexual harassment, the School  Department shall: 

1. Provide a written notice to all known parties that shall include: 

a.  Notice of the grievance process; 

b.  Notice of the allegations of sexual harassment to include the identities of all parties. The written notice should identify students by their initials, however verbal notification of the full name of students must be given to all parties. 

  c.  A statement that the Respondent is presumed not  responsible for the alleged conduct and that a determination  regarding responsibility will only be made at the conclusion  of the grievance process. 

d.  Notice that the parties may engage an advisor of their  choice, who may be, but is not required to be, an attorney;

e.  Notice that the parties have the right to inspect and review  evidence as part of the grievance process.  

f.  Notice of any provision in the School Department’s code of  conduct that prohibits knowingly making false statements  or knowingly submitting false information during a grievance process. 

2.  If, in the course of an investigation, the School Department decides  to investigate additional allegations concerning the parties that are  not included in the aforesaid initial written notice, the School  Department shall provide notice of said additional allegations to  the known parties. 

3.  Conduct an Investigation adhering to the following guidelines: 

a.  The investigation of all formal complaints shall be  completed in a reasonably prompt manner.  

b.  Upon receipt of a formal complaint, the Title IX Coordinator  shall appoint an appropriately trained and unbiased  investigator to create an investigative report that fairly summarizes the relevant evidence obtained during their investigation. 

c.  Throughout the investigation process the burden of proof  and the burden of gathering evidence sufficient to reach a determination regarding responsibility shall remain on the  School Department and not on the parties. 

d.  The investigation shall include equal opportunities for the  parties to present witnesses, including fact and expert witnesses, and other inculpatory and exculpatory evidence to the investigator.  

e.  Both parties shall be provided with the same opportunities  to be accompanied to any related meeting by the advisor of  their choice, who may be, but is not required to be, an attorney, and not limit the choice or presence of advisor for  either the Complainant or Respondent in any meeting. 

f.  The School Department shall provide, to a party whose participation is invited or expected, written notice of the  date, time, location, participants, and purpose of all  investigative interviews, or other meetings, with sufficient  time for the party to prepare to participate. 

g.  The School Department shall not restrict the ability of either  party to discuss the allegations under investigation or to  gather and present relevant evidence.  

h.  The School Department cannot access, consider, disclose, or otherwise use a party’s records that are made or maintained  by a physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other recognized professional or paraprofessional acting in the  professional’s or paraprofessional’s capacity, or assisting in  that capacity, and which are made and maintained in  connection with the provision of treatment to the party,  unless the School Department obtains that party’s voluntary,  written consent, or, if the party is a student under the age of  18, the written consent of their parent or legal guardian. 

i.  The investigation process shall provide both parties an equal  opportunity to inspect and review any and all evidence  obtained by the School Department that is directly related to  the allegations raised in the formal complaint, including the  evidence upon which the School Department does not  intend to rely in reaching a determination regarding  responsibility and inculpatory or exculpatory evidence  whether obtained from a party or other source. 

j.  The School Department shall send to each party and the  party’s advisor, if any, all evidence subject to inspection  and review in an electronic format or a hard copy. The  parties must then be given at least 10 days to submit a  written response to the evidence, which the investigator will  consider prior to their completion of the investigative report.  

k.  The investigator shall complete a final investigative report,  which will be sent to each party and the party’s advisor, if  any, for their review and written response. 

l. Upon review of the final investigative report, each party shall afford be afforded the opportunity to submit written, relevant questions that a party wants asked of any party or  witness, provide each party with the answers, and allow for  additional, limited follow-up questions from each party.  

i. Questions and evidence about the Complainant’s  sexual predisposition or prior sexual behavior are not relevant, unless such questions and evidence about the Complainant’s prior sexual behavior are offered to prove that someone other than the Respondent committed the conduct alleged by the Complainant, or if the questions and evidence concern specific incidents of the Complainant’s prior sexual behavior with respect to the Respondent and are offered to prove consent.  

ii. The investigator shall explain to the party proposing the questions any decision to exclude a question as not relevant. 

4. Dismissal of a formal complaint. 

a. The School Department MUST dismiss a formal complaint if: 

i. If the conduct alleged in the formal complaint would not constitute sexual harassment as defined in this policy even if proved; 

ii. Did not occur in the School Department’s education program or activity; or  

iii. Did not occur against a person in the United States. 

 b. Such a dismissal does not preclude the School Department  from taking action under any other relevant provision(s) of  its code(s) of conduct. 

c. The School Department MAY dismiss the formal complaint if at any time during the investigation or hearing: 

i. A Complainant notifies the Title IX Coordinator in writing that they would like to withdraw the formal complaint or any allegations therein; 

ii. The Respondent is no longer enrolled in, or employed by, the School Department; or

iii. Specific circumstances prevent the School Department from gathering evidence sufficient to reach a determination as to the formal complaint or allegations therein. 

d.Upon the dismissal of a formal complaint, the School Department shall promptly send written notice of the dismissal and reason(s) therefore simultaneously to the parties. 

5. Consolidation of formal complaints. The School Department may  consolidate formal complaints as to allegations of sexual harassment against more than one Respondent, or by more than one Complainant against one or more Respondents, or by one party  against the other party, where the allegations of sexual harassment  arise out of the same facts or circumstances. 


A. The Superintendent shall be responsible for rendering a decision  regarding the formal complaint. 

B. The standard of review shall be by the preponderance of the evidence.  

C. In no case shall a final determination be made inside of ten days from the  sending of the final investigative report.  

D. Once a final determination is made, the Superintendent shall issue a  written decision and determination regarding responsibility.  

1. The written determination shall include: 

a.Identification of the allegations potentially constituting sexual harassment; 

b. A description of the procedural steps taken from the receipt  of the formal complaint through the determination, including any notifications to the parties, interviews with parties and witnesses, site visits, and methods used to gather other evidence; 

c. Findings of fact supporting the determination; 

d. Conclusions regarding the application of the School Department’s code of conduct to the facts; 

e. A statement of, and rationale for, the result as to each allegation, including a determination regarding responsibility, any disciplinary sanctions the School Department imposes on the Respondent, and whether remedies designed to restore or preserve equal access to the School Department’s education program or activity will be provided to the Complainant; and  

f. The School Department’s procedures and permissible bases  for the Complainant and Respondent to appeal. 

2. The School Department shall provide the written determination to  the parties simultaneously.  

3. The determination shall become final either on the date that the  School Department provides the parties with the written determination of the result of any appeal, or on the date upon  which an appeal would no longer be considered timely. 


A.  Following a determination of responsibility, the range of possible  disciplinary sanctions are as set forth in the Student Code of Conduct/Handbook and shall be determined by the superintendent. 

B. The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for effective implementation of any  remedies to be provided to the Complainant. 


A. Both parties shall have the right to an appeal from a determination  regarding responsibility, and from a School Department’s dismissal of a  formal complaint or any allegations therein, on the following bases: 

1.Procedural irregularity that affected the outcome of the matter; 

2. New evidence that could affect the outcome of the matter that was  not reasonably available at the time the determination regarding responsibility or dismissal was made, or 

3. The Title IX Coordinator, investigator(s) or Superintendent had a  conflict of interest or bias for or against complainants or respondents generally or the individual Complainant or Respondent that affected the outcome of the matter.

B. The School Committee shall serve as the decision-maker for any appeal  that is taken, according to the following procedure: 

1. If either party wishes to appeal from a written determination of  responsibility, they must file a notice of appeal with the Title IX Coordinator within thirty (30) days from the date that the School Department provided said written determination.  

2. The School Department shall notify the other party in writing when  an appeal is filed. Each party will then have ten days to submit a written statement in support of, or challenging, the outcome.  

3. Following this ten-day period, the School Committee will take up  the matter in executive session at its next business meeting.  

4. The School Committee shall issue a written decision describing the  result of the appeal and the rationale for the result and provide it to  both parties simultaneously. 


1. All individuals designated as a Title IX Coordinator, investigator,  decision-maker, and any person who facilitates an informal resolution  process shall remain free of all conflicts of interest and biases whether for or against complainants or respondents generally or an individual Complainant or Respondent.  

2. The School Department shall ensure that all such individuals receive  training on the definition of sexual harassment, the scope of the School  Department’s education programs and activities, how to conduct an  investigation and grievance process including appeals, and how to serve  impartially, including by avoiding prejudgment of the facts at issue, conflicts of interest, and bias.  

3. The School Department shall further ensure that all decision-makers  receive training on issues of relevance of questions and evidence, including when questions and evidence about the Complainant’s sexual  predisposition or prior sexual behavior are not relevant.  

4.Investigators shall receive training on issues of relevance to create an  investigative report that fairly summarizes all relevant evidence. 

5. All training materials must not rely on sex stereotypes and must promote  impartial investigations and adjudications of formal complaints of sexual  harassment. 


1. The School Department shall maintain the following records for a period  of seven years: 

a. Each sexual harassment investigation including any determination  regarding responsibility and any disciplinary sanctions imposed on  the Respondent, and any remedies provided to the Complainant designed to restore or preserve equal access to the School Department’s education program or activity; 

i.  Any appeal and the result therefrom; 

ii.  Any informal resolution and the result therefrom; and 

iii. All materials used to train Title IX Coordinators,  investigators, decision-makers, and any person who  

facilitates an informal resolution process.  

2. The School Department must make these training materials publicly  available on its website. 

3. For each response required under this policy, the School Department must  create, and maintain for a period of seven years, records of any actions,  including any supportive measures, taken in response to a report or  formal complaint of sexual harassment.  

4. For each response, the School Department must document the basis for its  conclusion that its response was not deliberately indifferent, and document that it has taken measures designed to restore or preserve equal  access to the School Department’s education program or activity. If a  School Department does not provide a Complainant with supportive  measures, then the School Department must document the reasons why  such a response was not clearly unreasonable in light of the known  circumstances.  

a.  The documentation of certain bases or measures does not limit the  School Department in the future from providing additional explanations or detailing additional measures taken.

Policy adopted: